The Royal Academy in London, 1881
Modernist painters turning away from the Academy----the elite art establishment---showed their independence by rejecting elaborate frames that were a requirement for exhibition.
French ministers in a gallery at the Musee d'Orsay
The taste and politics of framing are communicated in subtle fashion but we can see the differences between modern/not modern by comparing two painters: Frank Stella and Rembrandt
Frank Stella piece with a minimal frame
Rembrandt self-portrait with carved gold leafed frame
Frank Stella---no visible frame?
Stella gallery exhibit
Stella Number 886
Stella's shaped canvasses might have a thin strip to protect the edges.
A little photo manipulating
shows the absurdity of breaking the rules.