Woven Rug by Gunta Stölzl, 1922
Collection of the Museum of Modern Art.
Gunta Stölzl was chair of the weaving department at
Germany's Bauhaus art school.
Anni Albers (lower right) recalled the early days at the art school : "There was no real teacher in textiles. We had no formal classes. Now people say to me: 'You learned it all at the Bauhaus'! We did not learn a thing in the beginning. I learned from Gunta, who was a great teacher. We sat down and tried to do it. Sometimes we sat together and tried to solve problems of construction."
Sketch for a rug design 1926
Gunta Stölzl in her apartment, 1927
Sketch for a rug design
Women students were confined to the weaving department at the school, which was not modern in its view of womens' roles.
They also served as models for Bauhaus photographers exploring the square, rectangle, triangle and circle.
The Olly and Dolly Sisters
Weaving sketch by Lena Bergner
Rug by Margaretha Reichardt, 1978
The Bauhaus weavers carried the theme with them after the school closed in the early 1930s due to Nazi harrassment. Stolzl moved to Switzerland.
Anni Albers in the 1920s
Albers and her husband Josef moved the the United States where they first taught at the Black Mountain School.
Weaving by Anni Albers
Weaving "With Verticals"
By Anni Albers, 1947
Bauhaus Textiles: Women Artists and the
Weaving Workshop by Sigrid Wortmann Weltge
Too bad we didn't buy this book when it was new. It's expensive now but see if you can find it at your library or through interlibrary loan.
See more of Stolzl's and Albers's work at websites devoted to them.http://www.guntastolzl.org/
See another photo of the women in the weaving department here:
Read about the school at the Metropolitan Museum of Art's webpage:
And here's a post I did last year on Stolzl: